|Boundaries and Area
The district of Etawah lies in the southwestern portion of Uttar Pradesh
north latitude and 72° 20" east longitude and forms a part of the Kanpur Division.
In shape it is a
parallelogram with a length from north to south 70 Km. and
East to west
66 Km. on one side and 24 Km. on the other side. It is
bounded on the north by the
districts of Farrukhabad and Mainpuri, while the small extent of western border adjoins
tahsil Bah of the Agra district. The eastern frontier marches with the district of
Auraiya, and along the south lie Jalaun and the district of Gwalior, the division line
being, except for a short distance, the Chambal and Yamuna rivers. The total area in 1999 is
calculated to be 2434 sq. Km.
Click here to view the geographical map of Etawah in
In the pre-independence period the judicial courts consisted of those of the district and
sessions judge, Mainpuri, whose jurisdiction extended to Etawah, the subordinate judge of
Etawah and the munsifs of Etawah and Phaphund. The latter munsifi comprised the
tahsils of Bidhuna and Auraiya, while the other two tahsils fell within the munsifi of
Etawah.The district of Etawah was taken out of the jurisdiction of the district judge of
Mainpuri and began to function as a separate judgeship from August 1, 1968. On 17th
September, 1997 two tehsils named Auraiya and Bidhuna were seperated from district Etawah
to form the new district named as Auraiya and a separate judgeship for the new district
started to function on.
The Session court has the power to exercise the sessions
trail commited by the criminal courts. In addition to the session courts there are eight
additional session courts , five fast track courts. There are three special courts namely
Special court(SC/ST Act), Special Court(E.C. Act) and Special Court(D.A.A.).
There are the courts of a Chief Judicial Magistrate, five
Additional Chief Judicial Magistrates and two Judicial Magistrates to deal in criminal
cases. To deal in petti officers, there is a court of Special Judicial Magistrate.
The district judges's court is formed appellate court of
civil cases. there are eight additional District Judges's courts in addition.
Civil judges(S.D.)'s and Civil Judges(J.D.)'s courts are
parental courts of civil cases depending on the valuation of cases. There are five
additional Civil Judges(S.D.)'s courts and four additional Civil Judges(J.D.)'s courts in
addition to above courts.